The works of the only in Russia Institute of Geothermal Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Makhachkala were not in demand. The state and business have relied on hydrocarbons without developing renewable energy sources. How to make money on this? Currently, in the context of a sharp rise in energy prices and huge inflation, there is a resurgence of interest in geothermal energy, but takes time and money. The wave of interest in geothermal energy is rising again: you can get subsidies under the Clean Air federal project , under which the state partially compensates for the transition to more environmentally friendly types of heat sources.
The potential for the use of geothermal energy in industry is Russia WhatsApp Number List quite large: especially in the south of the Russian Federation. In 2015, a geothermal heat supply system with a capacity of 8.7 MW was built at the Khankalskoye field (Chechen Republic) to supply heat to 3 hectares of greenhouses with the reinjection of waste coolant. In addition, heat pumps can be used as air conditioners in summer, as the temperature a few meters underground is lower than that of the air. Thus, savings on the additional installation of air conditioners are achieved. Advantages of geothermal power industry High environmental friendliness.
Compared to traditional hydrocarbon energy, there are almost no greenhouse gas emissions, the main of which is carbon dioxide produced by the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas). Renewability. An inexhaustible source of energy (the use of ~ 1% of the earth's energy is able to cover the entire need of mankind for energy). High efficiency. For 1 kW of energy consumed (mainly in the form of electricity used to power the compressor), the heat pump, depending on the conditions, is capable of delivering 4–5 kW of thermal energy. Cons of geothermal electricity High capital costs. Both for the heat pump itself and for drilling wells. The cost of a heat pump is from.